e mërkurë, 25 prill 2007

Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao

Name: Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao

Date of Birth: 28 June 1921 – 23 December 2004

Place of Birth: Karimnagar District of Andhra Pradesh


P.V.Narasimha Rao was the twelth Prime Minister of the Republic of India. He belonged to a rich Telugu Brahmin family from a village called Vangara (pedda) in the Karimnagar District of Andhra Pradesh, India,Rao studied at the Osmania University and at the Universities of Mumbai and Nagpur where he obtained Bachelor's and Master's degrees in law. He was a polyglot and could speak 13 languages including Urdu, Marathi, Kannada, Hindi, Telugu and English with a fluency akin to a native speaker.His mother tongue was Telugu. He also learned several European languages that are typically not spoken in India such as French and Spanish. Along with his cousin Pamulaparthi Sadasiva Rao, Rao edited a Telugu weekly magazine called Kakatiya Patrika from 1948 to 1955.

When the Indian National Congress split in 1969 Rao remained loyal to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and stayed so during the Emergency period (1975 - 77).[9] He rose to national prominence in 1972 by handling several diverse portfolios, most significantly Home, Defence and Foreign Affairs (1980-1984), in the cabinets of both Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi.[7]

After the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi and the general elections of 1991 Rao was chosen to lead the Congress party. As the Congress had got the largest number of seats in the elections Rao got the opportunity to head the minority government as Prime Minister. He was the first person outside the Nehru-Gandhi family to serve as Prime Minister for five continuous years, the first to hail from South India and so the first from the state of Andhra Pradesh. He was elected from Nandyal with a victory margin of a record 5 lakh votes and his win was recorded in the Guinness Book Of World Records. Rao's cabinet included Sharad Pawar, himself a strong contender for the PM's job, as defence minister.

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